Gardening With Cool- Season Veggies


Even though summer is just around the corner, our soil isn’t there yet. The time to plant your cool season vegetables is RIGHT NOW!

Cool season veggies grow their best at an average daytime temperature of 65 to 80 degrees and a nighttime temperature that stays above 40 degrees. The veggies listed below don’t tolerate heat well and growth slows down or the opposite could happen.Warmer temperatures can cause the plant to bolt or flower and then set
the seed.

For us North westerns where our summers tend to stay cool, you can plant crops and receive successful harvest straight through until the first heavy freeze in the fall.  If summers are hot, however, your cool- season veggies will not make it and will need to be followed up instead by warm- season veggie

For hardy and semi-hardy vegetables, plant in early spring for spring harvests & again
in late summer for fall harvests.

Hardy vegetables: These veggies are good for spring and fall gardens. Tasting best when they’re mature in cool weather which makes them perfect for to late summer planting to receive a fall harvest. For these veggies, the harvest extends into winter down in the Southeast, Southwest and the Pacific Northwest.

These plants require less light, usually three to six hours of direct sun. When planting,
make sure to plant them in your garden early in spring when the temperature of soil is 40 degrees.

  • Broccoli
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Peas
  • Kale
  • Leeks
  • Spinach
  • Parsley
  • Onions
  • Rhubarb

Semi- hardy vegetables: These veggies are also good for spring and fall gardens that can tolerate light frosts & grows best in cool weather. They do require six hours of sunlight.  Plant these veggies in your garden in the spring, about 3 to 5 weeks before the frost date. If you are planning to have a fall harvest, plant during late in the summer or during the winter where temperature regions won’t have any frost.

  • Cauliflower
  • Celery
  • Cabbage
  • Irish potatoes
  • Lettuce
  • Beets


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